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Reef Guide

Breams (Sparidae)

Two-banded bream
(Diplodus vulgaris)
dt. Zweibindenbrasse
Two-banded bream Diplodus vulgaris Photos Turkey (1), Spanin (6), Greece (1)
Location: Kas, Turkey
White bream
(Diplodus sargus)
dt. Geissbrasse
White bream Diplodus sargus (Photos from Spain (2))
Location: Cala Ratjada, Majorca/Spain
Saddled bream
(Oblada melanura)
dt. Brandbrasse
Saddled bream Oblada melanura (Photos from Spain (2))
Location: Cala Ratjada, Majorca/Spain
Striped bream
(Lithognathus mormyrus)
dt. Marmorbrasse
Striped bream Lithognathus mormyrus (Photos from Spain (2))
Location: Cala Carbo, Majorca/Spain
(Sarpa salpa)
dt. Goldstrieme
Sarlema Sarpa salpa (Photos from Spain (2))
Location: Cala Ratjada, Majorca/Spain
(Boops boops)
dt. Gelbstrieme
Bogue Boops boops (Photos from Spain (1))
Location: Cala Ratjada, Majorca/Spain
Doublebar bream
(Acanthopagrus bifasciatus)
dt. Doppelbandmeerbrasse
Doublebar bream Acanthopagrus bifasciatus (Photos from Abu Dhabi (1))
Location: Abu Dhabi, UAE

Breams reach a length from 12 to 200 cm, but these differences vary between species.

Species of Breams

Genus Acanthopagrus
Acanthopagrus akazakii (Iwatsuki, Kimura & Yoshino, 2006)
Acanthopagrus australis (Gunther, 1859)
Flussbrasse (Acanthopagrus berda) (Forsskål, 1775)
Zweibandbrasse (Acanthopagrus bifasciatus) (Forsskål, 1775)
Acanthopagrus butcheri (Munro, 1949)
Acanthopagrus latus (Houttuyn, 1782)
Acanthopagrus palmaris (Whitley, 1935)
Acanthopagrus schlegelii (Bleeker, 1854)
Acanthopagrus sivicolus (Akazaki, 1962)
Acanthopagrus taiwanensis (Iwatsuki & Carpenter, 2006)

Genus Allotaius
Allotaius spariformis (Ogilby, 1910)

Genus Archosargus
Archosargus pourtalesii (Steindachner, 1881)
Archosargus probatocephalus (Walbaum, 1792)
Archosargus rhomboidalis (Linnaeus, 1758)

Genus Argyrops
Argyrops bleekeri (Oshima, 1927)
Argyrops filamentosus (Valenciennes, 1830)
Argyrops megalommatus (Klunzinger, 1870)
Argyrops spinifer (Forsskål, 1775)

Genus Argyrozona
Argyrozona argyrozona (Valenciennes, 1830)

Genus Boops
Gelbstriemenbrasse (Boops boops) (Linnaeus, 1758)
Boops lineatus (Boulenger, 1892)

Genus Boopsoidea
Boopsoidea inornata (Castelnau, 1861)

Genus Calamus
Calamus arctifrons (Goode & Bean, 1882)
Dickkopf-Brasse (Calamus bajonado) (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
Calamus brachysomus (Lockington, 1880)
Großaugenbrasse (Calamus calamus) (Valenciennes, 1830)
Calamus campechanus (Randall & Caldwell, 1966)
Calamus cervigoni (Randall & Caldwell, 1966)
Calamus leucosteus (Jordan & Gilbert, 1885)
Calamus mu (Randall & Caldwell, 1966)
Calamus nodosus (Randall & Caldwell, 1966)
Calamus penna (Valenciennes, 1830)
Calamus pennatula (Guichenot, 1868)
Calamus proridens (Jordan & Gilbert, 1884)
Calamus taurinus (Jenyns, 1840)

Genus Cheimerius
Cheimerius matsubarai (Akazaki, 1962)
Cheimerius nufar (Valenciennes, 1830)

Genus Chrysoblephus
Engländerbrasse (Chrysoblephus anglicus) (Gilchrist & Thompson, 1908)
Chrysoblephus cristiceps (Valenciennes, 1830)
Chrysoblephus gibbiceps (Valenciennes, 1830)
Chrysoblephus laticeps (Valenciennes, 1830)
Chrysoblephus lophus (Fowler, 1925)
Chrysoblephus puniceus (Gilchrist & Thompson, 1908)

Genus Chrysophrys
Chrysophrys auratus (Forster, 1801)

Genus Crenidens
Crenidens crenidens (Forsskål, 1775)

Genus Cymatoceps
Muschelknacker (Cymatoceps nasutus) (Castelnau, 1861)

Genus Dentex
Dentex angolensis (Poll & Maul, 1953)
Dentex barnardi (Cadenat, 1970)
Dentex canariensis (Steindachner, 1881)
Dentex congoensis (Poll, 1954)
Zahnbrasse (Dentex dentex) (Linnaeus, 1758)
Dentex fourmanoiri (Akazaki & Séret, 1999)
Dentex gibbosus (Rafinesque, 1810)
Dentex macrophthalmus (Bloch, 1791)
Marokko-Meerbrasse (Dentex maroccanus) (Valenciennes, 1830)
Dentex multidens (Valenciennes, 1830)
Dentex tumifrons (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)

Genus Diplodus
Ringelbrasse (Diplodus annularis) (Linnaeus, 1758)
Diplodus argenteus (Valenciennes, 1830)
Diplodus bellottii (Steindachner, 1882)
Diplodus bermudensis (Caldwell, 1965)
Diplodus capensis (Smith, 1844)
Fünfbindenbrasse (Diplodus cervinus) (Lowe, 1838)
Diplodus fasciatus (Valenciennes, 1830)
Diplodus holbrookii (Bean, 1878)
Rotmeer-Brasse (Diplodus noct) (Valenciennes, 1830)
Diplodus prayensis (Cadenat, 1964)
Spitzbrasse (Diplodus puntazzo) (Cetti, 1777)
Große Geißbrasse (Diplodus sargus) (Linnaeus, 1758)
Zweibindenbrasse (Diplodus vulgaris) (Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1817)

Genus Evynnis
Evynnis cardinalis (Lacepède, 1802)
Evynnis japonica (Tanaka, 1931)

Genus Gymnocrotaphus
Gymnocrotaphus curvidens (Günther, 1859)

Genus Lagodon
Lagodon rhomboides (Linnaeus, 1766)

Genus Lithognathus
Lithognathus aureti (Smith, 1962)
Lithognathus lithognathus (Cuvier, 1829)
Marmorbrasse (Lithognathus mormyrus) (Linnaeus, 1758)
Lithognathus olivieri (Penrith & Penrith, 1969)

Genus Oblada
Brandbrasse (Oblada melanura) (Linnaeus, 1758)

Genus Pachymetopon
Pachymetopon aeneum (Gilchrist & Thompson, 1908)
Pachymetopon blochii (Valenciennes, 1830)
Pachymetopon grande (Günther, 1859)

Genus Pagellus
Achselfleckbrasse (Pagellus acarne) (Risso, 1827)
Pagellus affinis (Boulenger, 1888)
Pagellus bellottii (Steindachner, 1882)
Rote Fleckbrasse (Pagellus bogaraveo) (Brünnich, 1768)
Rotbrasse (Pagellus erythrinus) (Linnaeus, 1758)
Pagellus natalensis (Steindachner, 1903)

Genus Pagrus
Pagrus africanus (Akazaki, 1962)
Rotbandbrasse (Pagrus auriga) (Valenciennes, 1843)
Pagrus caeruleostictus (Valenciennes, 1830)
Pagrus major (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)
Gemeine Meerbrasse (Pagrus pagrus) (Linnaeus, 1758)

Genus Parargyrops
Parargyrops edita (Tanaka, 1916)

Genus Petrus
Petrus rupestris (Valenciennes, 1830)

Genus Polyamblyodon
Polyamblyodon germanum (Barnard, 1934)
Polyamblyodon gibbosum (Pellegrin, 1914)

Genus Polysteganus
Polysteganus baissaci (Smith, 1978)
Polysteganus coeruleopunctatus (Klunzinger, 1870)
Polysteganus praeorbitalis (Günther, 1859)
Polysteganus undulosus (Regan, 1908)

Genus Porcostoma
Südafrikanische Zahnbrasse (Porcostoma dentata) (Gilchrist & Thompson, 1908)

Genus Ptreogymnus
Pterogymnus laniarius Pterogymnus laniarius (Valenciennes, 1830)

Genus Rhabdosargus
Rhabdosargus globiceps (Valenciennes, 1830)
Rhabdosargus haffara (Forsskål, 1775)
Rhabdosargus holubi (Steindachner, 1881)
Rhabdosargus sarba (Forsskål, 1775)
Rhabdosargus thorpei (Smith, 1979)

Genus Sarpa
Goldstriemenbrasse Goldstriemenbrasse (Sarpa salpa) (Linnaeus, 1758)

Genus Sparidentex
Sparidentex hasta (Valenciennes, 1830)

Genus Sparodon
Sparodon durbanensis (Castelnau, 1861)

Genus Sparus
Goldbrasse Goldbrasse (Sparus aurata) (Linnaeus, 1758)

Genus Spondyliosoma
Streifenbrasse (Spondyliosoma cantharus) (Linnaeus, 1758)
Spondyliosoma emarginatum (Valenciennes, 1830)

Genus Stenotomus
Stenotomus caprinus (Jordan & Gilbert, 1882)
Stenotomus chrysops (Linnaeus, 1766)

Genus Virididentex
Virididentex acromegalus (Osório, 1911)

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