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Umberfische

Meerrabe
(Sciaena umbra)


Systematik

Klasse Teilklasse Ordnung Unterordnung Familie
ACTINOPTERYGII (Strahlenflosser) TELEOSTEI (E.Knochenfische) PERCIFORMES (Barschartige) PERCOIDEI (Echte Barsche) SCIAENIDAE (Umberfische)

Wissenschaftlicher Name: Sciaena umbra (LINNAEUS, 1758)
Synonyme: Bairdiella umbra (Linnaeus, 1758), Coracinus chalcis (Pallas, 1814), Corvina canariensis (Cuvier, 1830), Corvina umbra (Linnaeus, 1758), Johnius umbra (Linnaeus, 1758), Sciaena nigra (Bloch, 1792)

Allgemeine Informationen

Namen: Meerrabe, Brown meagre, Corb, Maigre
Vorkommen: Ost-AtlantikMittelmeer
Lebensraum:
Größe:

Sciaena umbra Location: Cala Ratjada, Spanien
Foto: Steven Blum

Meerrabe Sciaena umbra Meerrabe Sciaena umbra
Location: Cala Ratjada, Spanien
Foto: Steven Blum
Location: Cala Ratjada, Spanien
Foto: Steven Blum

Beschreibung

Namen:
Meerrabe (German), Brown meagre (English), Corb, Maigre (French), Corvina (Italian), Zeeraaf, Zwarte ombervis (Dutch), Iskine, Kaya levregi (Turkish)

Arten der Gattung Sciaena

Sciaena bathytatos (Chao & Miller, 1975)
Sciaena callaensis (Hildebrand, 1946)
Sciaena deliciosa (Tschudi, 1846)
Sciaena fasciata (Tschudi, 1846)
Sciaena mulloides
Sciaena umbra (Linnaeus, 1758)
Sciaena wieneri (Sauvage, 1883)
Sciaena abumgaterin Forsskål, 1775 --> Plectorhinchus gaterinus (Forsskål, 1775)
Sciaena albida (Cuvier, 1830) --> Daysciaena albida (Cuvier, 1830)
Sciaena aluta Jordan & Gilbert, 1882 --> Stellifer chrysoleuca (Günther, 1867)
Sciaena aneus (Bloch, 1793) --> Pennahia anea (Bloch, 1793)
Sciaena angolensis Norman, 1935 --> Miracorvina angolensis (Norman, 1935)
Sciaena antarctica Castelnau, 1872 --> Argyrosomus japonicus (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)
Sciaena aquila (Lacepède, 1803) --> Argyrosomus regius (Asso, 1801)
Sciaena aquila Cuvier, 1817 --> Argyrosomus regius (Asso, 1801)
Sciaena argentata Gmelin, 1789 --> Lutjanus argentimaculatus (Forsskål, 1775)
Sciaena argentea Forsskål, 1775 --> Pomadasys argenteus (Forsskål, 1775)
Sciaena argentimaculata Forsskål, 1775 --> Lutjanus argentimaculatus (Forsskål, 1775)
Sciaena armata Forsskål, 1775 --> Carangoides ciliarius (Rüppell, 1830)
Sciaena axillaris (Cuvier, 1830) --> Kathala axillaris (Cuvier, 1830)
Sciaena barbata Larrañaga, 1923 --> Pogonias cromis (Linnaeus, 1766)
Sciaena bedoti Regan, 1905 --> Bairdiella ronchus (Cuvier, 1830)
Sciaena belangeri (Cuvier, 1830) --> Johnius belangerii (Cuvier, 1830)
Sciaena belengeri (Cuvier, 1830) --> Johnius belangerii (Cuvier, 1830)
Sciaena bleekeri Day, 1876 --> Argyrosomus amoyensis (Bleeker, 1863)
Sciaena bohar Forsskål, 1775 --> Lutjanus bohar (Forsskål, 1775)
Sciaena capensis (Pappe, 1853) --> Umbrina ronchus Valenciennes, 1843
Sciaena carutta (Bloch, 1793) --> Johnius carutta Bloch, 1793
Sciaena cestreus Gronow, 1854 --> Umbrina cirrosa (Linnaeus, 1758)
Sciaena ciliata Lacepède, 1802 --> Parupeneus ciliatus (Lacepède, 1802)
Sciaena cinerascens Forsskål, 1775 --> Kyphosus cinerascens (Forsskål, 1775)
Sciaena cirrosa Linnaeus, 1758 --> Umbrina cirrosa (Linnaeus, 1758)
Sciaena coitor (Hamilton, 1822) --> Johnius coitor (Hamilton, 1822)
Sciaena crocea Richardson, 1846 --> Larimichthys crocea (Richardson, 1846)
Sciaena croker Lacepède, 1802 --> Micropogonias undulatus (Linnaeus, 1766)
Sciaena cuja (Hamilton, 1822) --> Macrospinosa cuja (Hamilton, 1822)
Sciaena cultrata Forster, 1801 --> Bathystethus cultratus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
Sciaena cylindrica Bloch, 1792 --> Parapercis cylindrica (Bloch, 1792)
Sciaena diacantha Bloch, 1792 --> Dicentrarchus labrax (Linnaeus, 1758)
Sciaena diacanthus (Lacepède, 1802) --> Protonibea diacanthus (Lacepède, 1802)
Sciaena distincta Tanaka, 1916 --> Johnius distinctus (Tanaka, 1916)
Sciaena dubia Fowler & Bean, 1924 --> Ctenosciaena gracilicirrhus (Metzelaar, 1919)
Sciaena dussumieri (Valenciennes, 1833) --> Johnius amblycephalus (Bleeker, 1855)
Sciaena dussumieri (Cuvier, 1830) --> Johnius dussumieri (Cuvier, 1830)
Sciaena dussumierii (Cuvier, 1830) --> Johnius dussumieri (Cuvier, 1830)
Sciaena dux Bowdich, 1825 --> Pseudotolithus typus Bleeker, 1863
Sciaena elongata Bowdich, 1825 --> Pseudotolithus elongatus (Bowdich, 1825)
Sciaena ensifera Jordan & Gilbert, 1882 --> Bairdiella ensifera (Jordan & Gilbert, 1882)
Sciaena epipercus (Bleeker, 1863) --> Pseudotolithus epipercus (Bleeker, 1863)
Sciaena ericymba Jordan & Gilbert, 1882 --> Stellifer ericymba (Jordan & Gilbert, 1882)
Sciaena faetela Forsskål, 1775 --> Plectorhinchus faetela (Forsskål, 1775)
Sciaena formosa Shaw, 1812 --> Cephalopholis formosa (Shaw, 1812)
Sciaena fulviflamma Forsskål, 1775 --> Lutjanus fulviflamma (Forsskål, 1775)
Sciaena gaterina Forsskål, 1775 --> Plectorhinchus gaterinus (Forsskål, 1775)
Sciaena ghanam Forsskål, 1775 --> Scolopsis ghanam (Forsskål, 1775)
Sciaena gibba Forsskål, 1775 --> Lutjanus gibbus (Forsskål, 1775)
Sciaena gilberti Abbott, 1899 --> Cilus gilberti (Abbott, 1899)
Sciaena glaucus Day, 1876 --> Johnius glaucus (Day, 1876)
Sciaena goma Tanaka, 1915 --> Protonibea diacanthus (Lacepède, 1802)
Sciaena grandoculis Forsskål, 1775 --> Monotaxis grandoculis (Forsskål, 1775)
Sciaena hamrur Forsskål, 1775 --> Priacanthus hamrur (Forsskål, 1775)
Sciaena harak Forsskål, 1775 --> Lethrinus harak (Forsskål, 1775)
Sciaena heinii Steindachner, 1902 --> Argyrosomus heinii (Steindachner, 1902)
Sciaena heptacantha Lacepède, 1802 --> Parupeneus heptacanthus (Lacepède, 1802)
Sciaena heterolepis (Bleeker, 1873) --> Johnius heterolepis Bleeker, 1873
Sciaena hololepidota Smith, 1842 --> Argyrosomus hololepidotus (Lacepède, 1801)
Sciaena hololepidotus Smith, 1842 --> Argyrosomus hololepidotus (Lacepède, 1801)
Sciaena icistia Jordan & Gilbert, 1882 --> Bairdiella icistia (Jordan & Gilbert, 1882)
Sciaena iharae Jordan & Metz, 1913 --> Pennahia argentata (Houttuyn, 1782)
Sciaena imiceps Jordan & Gilbert, 1882 --> Ophioscion imiceps (Jordan & Gilbert, 1882)
Sciaena incerta Vinciguerra, 1926 --> Chrysochir aureus (Richardson, 1846)
Sciaena jaculatrix Pallas, 1767 --> Toxotes jaculatrix (Pallas, 1767)
Sciaena japonica Temminck & Schlegel, 1843 --> Argyrosomus japonicus (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)
Sciaena jarbua Forsskål, 1775 --> Terapon jarbua (Forsskål, 1775)
Sciaena kasmira Forsskål, 1775 --> Lutjanus kasmira (Forsskål, 1775)
Sciaena labrax (Linnaeus, 1758) --> Dicentrarchus labrax (Linnaeus, 1758)
Sciaena lata Solander, 1842 --> Pagrus auratus (Forster, 1801)
Sciaena leptolepis Ogilby, 1918 --> Nibea leptolepis (Ogilby, 1918)
Sciaena lineata Bloch, 1792 --> Morone saxatilis (Walbaum, 1792)
Sciaena lineata Forster, 1844 --> Latris lineata (Forster, 1801)
Sciaena lucida Richardson, 1844 --> Collichthys lucidus (Richardson, 1844)
Sciaena macrophthalmus (Bleeker, 1850) --> Pennahia anea (Bloch, 1793)
Sciaena macropterus (Bleeker, 1853) --> Johnius macropterus (Bleeker, 1853)
Sciaena maculata (Bloch & Schneider, 1801) --> Nibea maculata (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
Sciaena maculata Bloch, 1792 --> Dormitator maculatus (Bloch, 1792)
Sciaena magdalenae Steindachner, 1878 --> Plagioscion surinamensis (Bleeker, 1873)
Sciaena mahsena Forsskål, 1775 --> Lethrinus mahsena (Forsskål, 1775)
Sciaena malabarica Bloch & Schneider, 1801 --> Sillago sihama (Forsskål, 1775)
Sciaena manchurica Jordan & Thompson, 1911 --> Larimichthys polyactis (Bleeker, 1877)
Sciaena margaritifera Haly, 1875 --> Argyrosomus japonicus (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)
Sciaena marleyi Norman, 1922 --> Atrobucca marleyi (Norman, 1922)
Sciaena mbizi Poll, 1950 --> Pentheroscion mbizi (Poll, 1950)
Sciaena miiuy Basilewsky, 1855 --> Miichthys miiuy (Basilewsky, 1855)
Sciaena miles (Cuvier, 1829) --> Nibea soldado (Lacepède, 1802)
Sciaena mitsukurii (Jordan & Snyder, 1900) --> Nibea mitsukurii (Jordan & Snyder, 1900)
Sciaena moori (Günther, 1865) --> Pseudotolithus moorii (Günther, 1865)
Sciaena muelleri Steindachner, 1879 --> Nibea soldado (Lacepède, 1802)
Sciaena mugil Forster, 1801 --> Kuhlia mugil (Forster, 1801)
Sciaena multifasciata Lesueur, 1821 --> Leiostomus xanthurus Lacepède, 1802
Sciaena murdjan Forsskål, 1775 --> Myripristis murdjan (Forsskål, 1775)
Sciaena nasus Steindachner, 1866 --> Johnius belangerii (Cuvier, 1830)
Sciaena nebulosa Mitchill, 1815 --> Menticirrhus saxatilis (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
Sciaena nebulosa Forsskål, 1775 --> Lethrinus nebulosus (Forsskål, 1775)
Sciaena neglecta Ramsay & Ogilby, 1887 --> Argyrosomus japonicus (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)
Sciaena nibe Jordan & Thompson, 1911 --> Atrobucca nibe (Jordan & Thompson, 1911)
Sciaena nigra Forsskål, 1775 --> Macolor niger (Forsskål, 1775)
Sciaena nigra Bloch, 1792 --> Sciaena umbra Linnaeus, 1758
Sciaena nigrita (Cuvier, 1830) --> Pseudotolithus elongatus (Bowdich, 1825)
Sciaena novaehollandiae Steindachner, 1866 --> Johnius novaehollandiae (Steindachner, 1866)
Sciaena obsoleta Forsskål, 1775 --> Lethrinus obsoletus (Forsskål, 1775)
Sciaena ogiwara Nichols, 1913 --> Larimichthys polyactis (Bleeker, 1877)
Sciaena opercularis Quoy & Gaimard, 1825 --> Micropogonias furnieri (Desmarest, 1823)
Sciaena ophiceps Alcock, 1889 --> Chrysochir aureus (Richardson, 1846)
Sciaena ophioscion (Günther, 1868) --> Ophioscion typicus Gill, 1863
Sciaena oscitans Jordan & Gilbert, 1882 --> Stellifer oscitans (Jordan & Gilbert, 1882)
Sciaena ossea Day, 1876 --> Johnius dussumieri (Cuvier, 1830)
Sciaena parva Gilchrist & Thompson, 1908 --> Johnius dorsalis (Peters, 1855)
Sciaena perissa Heller & Snodgrass, 1903 --> Pareques perissa (Heller & Snodgrass, 1903)
Sciaena punctata Bloch, 1792 --> Dicentrarchus punctatus (Bloch, 1792)
Sciaena ramak Forsskål, 1775 --> Lethrinus obsoletus (Forsskål, 1775)
Sciaena reedi (Günther, 1880) --> Umbrina reedi Günther, 1880
Sciaena regius (Asso, 1801) --> Argyrosomus regius (Asso, 1801)
Sciaena robinsoni (Gilchrist & Thompson, 1908) --> Umbrina ronchus Valenciennes, 1843
Sciaena rubra Forsskål, 1775 --> Sargocentron rubrum (Forsskål, 1775)
Sciaena russelli (Cuvier, 1829) --> Dendrophysa russelii (Cuvier, 1829)
Sciaena sammara Forsskål, 1775 --> Neoniphon sammara (Forsskål, 1775)
Sciaena sauvagei Rochebrune, 1880 --> Pseudotolithus senegallus (Cuvier, 1830)
Sciaena schotaf Forsskål, 1775 --> Plectorhinchus schotaf (Forsskål, 1775)
Sciaena sciera Jordan & Gilbert, 1884 --> Ophioscion scierus (Jordan & Gilbert, 1884)
Sciaena semiluctuosa (Cuvier, 1830) --> Paranibea semiluctuosa (Cuvier, 1830)
Sciaena senegalensis Günther, 1860 --> Pseudotolithus senegallus (Cuvier, 1830)
Sciaena senegalensis (Valenciennes, 1833) --> Pseudotolithus senegalensis (Valenciennes, 1833)
Sciaena siamensis Hora, 1924 --> Johnius borneensis (Bleeker, 1851)
Sciaena sina (Cuvier, 1830) --> Johnius dussumieri (Cuvier, 1830)
Sciaena sinuata (Day, 1876) --> Umbrina canariensis Valenciennes, 1843
Sciaena spinifera Forsskål, 1775 --> Sargocentron spiniferum (Forsskål, 1775)
Sciaena stridens Forsskål, 1775 --> Pomadasys stridens (Forsskål, 1775)
Sciaena thompsoni Hubbs, 1921 --> Umbrina roncador Jordan & Gilbert, 1882
Sciaena trewavasae Chao & Miller, 1975 --> Protosciaena trewavasae (Chao & Miller, 1975)
Sciaena trutta Forster, 1801 --> Arripis trutta (Forster, 1801)
Sciaena truttaceus (Cuvier, 1829) --> Arripis truttacea (Cuvier, 1829)
Sciaena typica (Gill, 1863) --> Ophioscion typicus Gill, 1863
Sciaena undecimalis Bloch, 1792 --> Centropomus undecimalis (Bloch, 1792)
Sciaena vogleri (Bleeker, 1853) --> Johnius borneensis (Bleeker, 1851)


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